In this book the authors are talking about definitions of map and how a single map could be represented in different ways without influencing the core information, though there are different interpretation about what maps are.
The comic is produced to advance the argument that maps can be understood semiotically as collections of propositions of the form “This is there.” The answer to the question, on the next page, is obvious—”They’re maps!” it says maps are not representation but proposition.
In his essay on “The Agency of Mapping “James Corner offers a critical analysis of mapping. James Corner is an American Landscape Architect and theorist. He published the essay in 1999. The essay describe the potential for the methods of using mapping beyond its traditional practices, as a mean for architects and planners to better understand cities and design with social, political and cultural considerations. It describes the power in both shaping our perceptions world as well as its form. Corner writes “mapping is perhaps the most formative and creative act of any design process”.
He talks about the map’s relations to reality. Corner suggested that our concept of space is formed by our participation with our surroundings. Corner identifies four thematic developments in mapping – The concepts of drift, layering, game-board and rhizome have been used in various successful and complex mapping exercise in the fields of design and planning.
Ce n’est pas le monde carries an objective to provide the readers an epiphany about maps. As discussed Maps are defined with a platter of terms which are often inaccurate due to the ambiguity birthed by the veracity of its representation and purpose. John Krygier tries to breaks down the argument presented by Denis Wood which stated that, “Maps are propositions”. Maps of a place do not ‘Represent’ it because the details are subjective and are completely dependent on the Cartographer; A symbol used by ‘Cartographer A’ for a place of worship maybe different than what ‘Cartographer B’ has used. Similarly, maps drawn for areas whose definitions isn’t acknowledged by all can’t be regarded as representations, as again, the resulting maps will not be definite as it will ‘represent’ the perspectives of the Cartographer; For example, (As also mentioned in Ce n’est pas le monde) The Maps presented by the Indian Side will have inclusion of Kashmir in its entity contrary to the beliefs of the Pakistani counterparts who will also acknowledge Kashmir as a part of its entity. Denis Wood divulged in his Essay that Maps are propositions because they ‘Affirm’ (Or even Assert) the placement and existence of a substance rather than bluntly proving and concluding the same therefore, not infringing the beliefs of an individual while at the same time putting across the alleged facts.
To Conclude, It may not be possible to give a map which is comprehensive but that doesn’t mean we can’t make maps. Maps can be made in accordance to an individual in order to cater to his objectives. Therefore, making it more qualified to hold regard as a proposition.
Sam Miller is a journalist who sets out to discover around Delhi and notes his perception about the city. Sam Miller highlights the history of Delhi. He moves from street to street to understand Delhi.
Delhi faced many problems like poverty, population, pollution, calamities and many more, but rose even bigger and better every time. Sam Miller contradicts the history of Delhi with other cities in the world.
He explains how fragments are formed in Delhi with different incidents. It’s very difficult for an individual to stand in such a large metro city.
He tells about Gerard de Nerval who was the prince of flauner. Flauner is a person who wanders aimlessly around cities. Gerard walked through the street of Paris with his pet.
Sam Miller describes the importance of land transport in Delhi, he believes that if that is not experienced then half of the part will be invisible to us. But it’s not easy to walk in such a city with irregular pavements and with the local mentality of the people residing. But now more number of people have migrated with broader mindsets.
Many people from North India have migrated to Delhi. Very few people have their roots in Delhi. So less people care about the monuments, wildlife, trees in Delhi. It still feels unloved and orphaned. According to Amir Khusro, Delhi was considered as the ‘Heaven on Earth’. Delhi is now treated less as a modern city. Its reputation in India is a place where people suffer from evils, water shortage, power cuts and road rage.
Sam Miller finally understood the model of Delhi. A solution that is aesthetically appealing, mathematically sound and practical. The spiral is the curve that defines Delhi. It is endless. A curve formed by a point which moves around a fixed center and continually moves away from it. He found spiral from mosquito coil to Islamic tile. Delhi started in the center of the city and curved off toward infinity into the countryside beyond the southern suburbs. He got a break from a normal aerial pattern of Delhi by creating a template for discovery and new meetings.
In this the author Sam Miller describes about the city Delhi through his perspective. Before he came to Delhi, he had some glimpse about the city. The author talks about the history of city, how the city did rise from its own ruins due to repeated calamities and how it evolved literally area wise by swallowing the villages and farmlands around and also as a city which has vivid cultures. Author also compares other mega cities of India such as Mumbai and Calcutta with Delhi and says how he feels Delhi as a city without a heart and people of Delhi as ‘matlabi’ people. So to explore the city he wants to be flaneur where one can discover more about the hidden aspects of the city. Walking through irregular pavements, the life of people such as flower sellers, tea drinkers, students, etc. can be seen. To explore the city he decides to move in a spiral pattern so that he can see each and every corner of the city.
The Agency of Mapping by James Corner focus on the optimizing revision of mapping practices. James corner is a landscape Architect who works approaches to landscape and urban designs. From his point of view mapping is effective tool in urban to get the idea of urban context and design principle.He gave the few idea and justification for mapping by giving an elements like layering, comparing to the reality, game board and rhizome. A comparison between Mercator’s projection of earth surface and Buck-minister’s fullerence Dymaxious projection reveals radically different spatial and socio political structure.
Some phenomena that can only achieve visibility through representation rather through direct experience. Graphically data is much more forward way rather than explaining verbally.Through mapping one can gather information, work on that, again rework on it, after assembling data one can relate and can do progress on it. Mapping helps us in studying in detail where as planning helps for searching and exploring the present conditions.
This book is about the talks of James Corner. He is a landscape architect and theorist focusing on “developing innovative approaches toward landscape architecture design and urbanism”. A book talks about what actually mapping is. Mapping is a way of representation of the data or information of a particular place or space. It allows us to understand the complexity in planning, the context and design factors.
In this book, He first talks about the difference between Mapping and Tracing. He says that Tracing is about recollecting the same data or information and reproduces the Map. Where Mapping is putting down or representing a given data in way that it also represents intangible data like perception of a space, Memories, Stories, etc. Mapping is a process which never gets end.
He also compares Mapping to the Rhizome. As Rhizome does not have start and end point, similar way mapping also does not have beginning end point but always a middle from which it grows and over pills, linear multiplicities.
In the book he has described four techniques of mapping- Drift, layering, Game board and Rhizome. These techniques presuppose any number of variations and improvement as issue of framing, orientation, indexing and coding become more flexible and open ended. In conclusion, it can be derived that mapping is a very subjective. The presentation of a data in terms of mapping varies from person to person. In mapping, important is to convey the true information and helps in deriving the solutions.