Coconut which belongs to the Palm family is classed as a fruit and is actually a one-seeded drupe. Palm trees produce coconuts up to 13 times a year and even though it takes a coconut one year to grow a fully grown tree can give 60-180 coconuts in an individual harvest. They usually grow in tropical and sub-tropical areas.Coconut is cultivated in an area of 1.94 million hectares in India. In India 90% of the coconut cultivation area is in the southern states, with Kerala consuming about 50% of the area.
In Gujarat major coconut farming is done in Junagadh within a coast line of 200 km at places like Mangrol, Veraval and Diu. Other places where coconut farming is done are Porbandar, Valsad and Surat.
These Coconuts are then exported to their neighboring states like Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. The total production of coconut in Gujarat was approximately 295 million in 2014-2015.
In Ahmedabad there are three main market Centre’s where coconuts are unloaded, these are Vishala, Naroda and Manekchowk. On a daily basis usually 40,000-50,000 coconuts are imported and then sold by the dealer at the market Centre’s where some vendors buy coconuts directly. The dealer also hires a tempo to sell the coconuts to different vendors at different places within the city. The dealer buys these coconuts at Rs. 10 and sells it at Rs. 15 to the vendors who further sell it to the customers at Rs. 25 per coconut. The prices vary from vendor to vendor and from city to city.