The map is published by Barbie de bocage in 1788
The map is show that over the centuries, Athens was rebuilt again on same site. Ancient Athens situated in the center of ancient wall. Its shows that forced to expand within a restricted area around the wall, which have 9 gates. This area has more than past 7000 years. The yellow line is showing ancient wall.
The 2nd map is during Hellenistic and roman periods, showing different parts of cities greatest luxury.
- IN THE SOUTH: In that areas were housed the temples and monuments.
- OUTSIDE THE WALLS IN THE NORTHWEST: Were the Academy of Plato, the ancient cemetery and the various commercial, institutional and craft areas.
- THE NORTHWEST: The Academy of Plato, the ancient cemetery and the various commercial, institutional and craft (like The Agora).
- IN THE NORTHEAST: Were the residential areas of the city.
Today in the southern part, the Acropolis, the Nymphs and the Filoppapou hills are situated. Where the great of Athens once built their great temples and theater and the archaeological park. It incorporates all the city’s most important monuments.
The northern area has always been for residential and commercial purposes, today it houses the ancient quarters that are an interesting terminology of both the ancient past and the most recent past.
The only area that has been in great uninterruptedly throughout the centuries is the one with the quarters of Plaka, Anafiotika, Monastiraki, Psiri and the Acropolis. Even when Athens was overcome by the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires, this area continued to be inhabited, despite the decline of the Hellenic splendor and the subsequent centuries of oppression and decay.
In fact for more than one thousand years, Athens not only ceased to become a capital city, but was reduced to a small village huddled on the northern part of the Acropolis hill. While it’s ancient monumental areas were being used by the invaders as forts, headquarters and arms storage. This is why Athens, except for the tiny wonderful Byzantine churches, holds little evidence of its medieval history and also why the city could only re-flourish in the 19th century, once it had become independent and once again the capital of Greece.